This series is currently being updated ahead of its publication as a book on Kindle.
The table at the end of the February had looked like this
With two games in hand over their only serious rival – Aston Villa – and a three points lead plus a much better goal average, the only way for Villa to catch Arsenal was to beat them in the match at Villa Park half way through the month (which would narrow the gap to one point), and hope that Arsenal lost both their games in hand, and one more, while Villa kept winning.
And although that seemed unlikely in the context of the season, Arsenal also had to play third placed Sheffield Wednesday during the month, so there were doubters, not least because Arsenal had never won the league before, and had just one FA Cup to their name. Villa had won the League six times (although not for 20 years), and won the FA Cup six times. Arsenal, it was being said, lacked the experience of winning (although Chapman certainly had it).
In the national news, there was some hope that the long running disputes between the United Kingdom and its colony India, might come to an end as Mahatma Gandhi and Viceroy of India Lord Irwin signed an agreement to end the Indian civil disobedience campaign. In return, citizens along the coast were allowed to make their own salt (which seems a strange concession, but was fundamental), all political prisoners were given amnesty and a second Round Table Conference on the matter of Indian independence would be held in London on March 29.
However later in the month the Indian National Congress unanimously voted to accept nothing short of complete independence.
Back with the football Arsenal unexpectedly started the month playing out a 0-0 draw with Huddersfield on 7 March. The Arsenal team for the match however was disrupted from its tried and tested line up. Eddie Hapgood missed only his second game of the season at left back giving Alf Baker his one and only game of the season – it was in fact his final game for the club. Baker played 310 games for Arsenal all told – his only senior club – and went on to become a scout for the team.
Bob John was out for the first time in the season, replaced by George Male (who would have to wait until 1932/3 to give his big chance, long term). Jack Lambert was also out – for the fifth, but thankfully last, match in a row, which meant that the dependable but now ageing Jimmy Brain continued his run at inside right.
The focus of the game was on ensuring the re-worked defence held firm, everyone played deeper, and a goalless draw it was.
Matters improved in the rearranged mid-week match at Elland Road where Arsenal won 1-2, Bastin and James getting the goals. Len Thompson came in for the first of two consecutive games at left half, with Bob John still absent, while Male moved across to replace Baker who had not impressed at left back against Huddersfield. Jack dropped out and Lambert finally returned.
The line up meant Arsenal still had seven members of the team that started the season playing in this game, and it worked, but only just.
Which thus gave the club some worries for the big match the following Saturday away against Villa. The 1-5 defeat in this game, the worst of the season, didn’t take Villa to the top of the league but it must have given them hope. And it certainly shook Arsenal although it was however Arsenal’s only defeat in the last 19 games of the season.
Chapman was clearly still looking for ways of patching up the injured team, and this time put Bob John in as left back. John had played there before – but only twice in the previous season. Lambert was out yet again – his comeback having lasted just one game. Thompson continued at left half – but it meant that down the left side of the defence both the key players were missing. Their replacements were not bad players, but this was the match that Villa knew they had to win, and they knew where the weakness was.
Jack got Arsenal’s goal. But Chapman’s view of the game was also clear: not for the first time the goalkeeper was to blame. Having played 10 consecutive games, Preedy was dropped, and Harper came back for the rest of the season.
The result left the table looking like this
There was no respite of course because the following game was at home to the third placed club: Sheffield Wednesday. Another defeat would leave Arsenal vulnerable as their precious games in hand would have gone.
This game marked Jimmy Brain’s final appearance for Arsenal. He played 204 league games and scored 125 goals. He left Arsenal for Tottenham for £2,500 in September and played 45 league games for them, before moving on to Swansea, Bristol City and Cheltenham, and then later managing in non-league football.
But back with the Arsenal, the club were however rescued by the fact that much of the original team – the team that clearly could play the Chapman system so well together, were back. There were changes of course: Hulme, the outside right was injured and was replaced by Jack moving across from centre forward. Lambert came back as number 9 and Brain continued as inside right. But it meant that the original defence (Parker, Hapgood, Jones, Roberts, John) were back together the first time in four games – and with no one playing out of position. The result was a 2-0 victory, with Jack and Bastin scoring.
And as the evening papers rolled off the press, there was another piece of good news. Aston Villa had been held 1-1 away to Derby. Arsenal’s lead was extended.
That must have been a huge relief to everyone, as was the fact that the last game of the month (on 28 March) meant Arsenal were at mid-table Middlesbrough, where a comfortable 2-5 victory put Arsenal back in the driving seat. Alf Haynes came in for his first of two games for the season, in place of Roberts (who was winning his only cap for England at the time), but otherwise it was business as usual. Best of all Lambert was back, and he marked his return with a hattrick. Jack got the other two.
But Villa had not given up, and on the same day Aston Villa beat Blackpool 4-1. Nothing in this most exciting of seasons was the slightest bit certain.
Here are Arsenal’s results for the month’s games in summary
- Op pos, is the league position of the opposition before the game
- Pos is Arsenal’s position after the game
- AC is the average crowd for the home team through the season, providing a comparison between the crowd on that day and and the norm expected by the home side.
The lowness of the Leeds crowd can be explained by it being a mid-week match and by the team looking likely to drop to the second division. Otherwise all the crowds were all above average – Villa in fact getting almost double their normal crowd.
Tottenham meanwhile were still holding on for glory of their own in the second division, being second, three points above West Brom in third, who also had a game in hand.
The Arsenal defeat at Villa turned out to be Arsenal’s last defeat of the season. Here’s the full table for the end of the month.
|14||West Ham United||35||13||6||16||71||77||0.922||32|
Arsenal in the 30s
- 1: Life in 1930 and winning the first major trophy.
- 2: The cup winners who dropped out and the players who came in
- 3: How Chapman put his triumphant 1931 team together.
- 4: September 1930; played 8 won 7 drawn 1.
- 5: October 1930: A stumble, Villa are close behind, Man U have 12 defeats in a row.
- 6: November 1930: Scoring 5 in three games in one month.
- 7: December 1930: 3 games in 3 days and 14 goals scored.
- 8: January 1931: the biggest league win ever at Highbury
- 9: February 1931: the goals just won’t stop coming.
- 10: March 1931: hope, defeat, hope
- 11: April 1931: Arsenal win the league for the very first time.
- 12: Arsenal in the summer of 1931, the records and the Scandinavian tour
- 13: Arsenal in shock – July and August 1931
- 14: September 1931; the champions recover from a poor start.
- 15: October 1931: Arsenal lose to Grimsby
- 16: November 1931: Chapman’s exasperation with goal keepers
- 17: December 1931: A scoring sensation but a dreadful month
- 18: January 1932: A return to form and a record score
- 19: February 1932: From a faltering start to nine wins in a row
- 20: March 1932: Huge crowds, an emergency signing, better results, another semi-final
- 21: April 1932: Film of Arsenal in the Cup Final, and attempts to win the league.
- 22: Arsenal in the summer of 1932. Arsenal runners up in league and cup, Man U’s average gate drops below Plymouth’s, Stanley Matthews first game, and the greatest run in Arsenal’s entire history is about to begin.
- 23: August 1932 – preparing for the ultimate greatness.
- 24: September 1932: Arsenal’s first steps into immortality
- 25: October 1932: The rise to the stars
- 26: November 1932: Records fall, greatness beckons.
- 27: December 1932: Greatness and supremacy
- 28: January 1933: Top of the league and defeated by Walsall.
- 29: February 1933: New shirts, awful weather, a record score
- 30: March 1933: Top of the league but a month to forget
- 31: April/May 1933: Champions for the second time
- 32: 1929/33: All the men who played in the League for Arsenal.
- 33: Arsenal in the summer 1933: Champions and water shortages
- 34: August/September 1933 – the start of the new season.
- 35: October 1933 – a return to progress
- 36: November 1933 – displacing Tottenham.
- 37: December 1933: Chapman’s last month; Arsenal triumphant
- 38: January 1934: The death of Chapman
- 39: February 1934. Chapman is gone, but the club moves on.
- 40: March 1934. Chapman’s two teams fight for the title
- 41: April 1934. Joe Shaw wins the league for Chapman
- 42: 1933/34 League players, and how the goals declined but the crowds went up.
- 43: Arsenal in the summer 1934: Allison takes over from Shaw and Chapman.
- 44: August/Sep 1934: Allison starts with a bang
- 45: October 1934 – Arsenal finally blow away the north London curse
- 46: November 1934: vying for the top of the league, and the Battle of Highbury
- 47: Arsenal in December 1934: two steps forward, two steps back.
- 48: January 1935: Suddenly Arsenal’s form turns upside down
- 49: February 1935. Despite one slip, Arsenal remain top.
- 50: March 1935: Beating Tottenham by a record score
- 51: April/May 1935: Winning the league for the third time in succession.
- 52: Arsenal in the Summer 1935 after three championships in a row
- 53: September 1935: After three successive championships things get sticky
- 54: October 1935: Ok but not good enough
- 55: November 1935; Drake starts scoring again.
- 56: December 1935: beating the record, and record confusions. Ted Drake before and after the magnificent seven.
- 57: January 1936: the league won’t be won, but what about the FA Cup…
- 58: February 1936: an early example of rotational selection
- 59: March 1936: Wembley again but player rotation starts affecting the crowds
- 60: April/May 1936; Arsenal win the Cup. A match report and season’s end
- 61: Arsenal in the Summer of 1936
- 62: Arsenal players 1934/5 and 1935/36: the fundamental problem with the team
- 63: August / Sept 1936: 20 different players used in the first seven league games
- 64: October 1936: Arsenal in free fall
- 65: November 1936: Arsenal reborn, TV starts, the king demands, the palace burns down.
- 66: December 1936: Top of the league as the king steps down.
- 67: January 1937: Arsenal unbeaten as the goalkeepers change (again).
- 68: February 1937: Seven in the cup, and all to play for in the league
- 69: March 1937: Arsenal top but Man City close in
- 70: April / May 1937: Arsenal slip back and Man City triumph – for the moment
- 71: Arsenal players 1936/7, Arsenal crowds in the 30s, and comparisons with earlier years
- 72: Arsenal in the summer: the overseas tour of 1937
- 73: Arsenal in August and September 1937: a brilliant start and a TV first.
- 74: Arsenal in October 1937: Allison decides it is time for a total change.
- 75: Arsenal in Nov 1937; a tactical signing changes the game
- 76: Arsenal in December 1937; a settled team and a revival
- 77: Arsenal in January 1938: two steps backwards but a new genius emerges.
- 78: Arsenal in February 1938: a true resurgence takes us top of the league.
- 79: March 1938: Arsenal at the top and a fifth title looks possible
- 80: April/May 1938: from no titles to five in one decade – and the most amazing title of them all.
- 81: Arsenal in the summer: the Nazi salute, Bastin as the symbol, Whittaker for England, the world record signing.
- 82: August/September 1938. The start of the end.
- 83: Arsenal in October 1938: the champions stagnating in mid-table
- 84: November 1938: facing relegation?
- 85: December 1938: the manager makes changes and a new hero is found
- 86: Arsenal in January 1939: some signs of recovery.
- 87: February 1939: Arsenal struggle to make a continuing impact.
- 88: March 1939: goalscoring and away form are the key problems
- 89: April / May 1939: Arsenal clamber back to 5th, and achieve film stardom
- 90: Arsenal in the summer 1939
- 91: The players and the crowds: Arsenal 1938/9 – and the players who returned
- 92: Arsenal in the 30s: Arsenal at the start of the 2nd world war (autumn 1939)